The U.S. Constitution uses federalism to divide governmental powers between the federal government and the individual state governments. The Tenth Amendment tells us that all powers not granted to the federal government are reserved to the states.
What are some powers that are shared by the federal and state governments?
Many powers belonging to the federal government are shared by state governments. Such powers are called concurrent powers. These include the power to tax, spend, and borrow money. State governments operate their own judicial systems, charter corporations, provide public education, and regulate property rights.
What are the powers of the state government?
In addition to their exclusive powers, both the national government and state governments share the power of being able to:
- Collect taxes.
- Build roads.
- Borrow money.
- Establish courts.
- Make and enforce laws.
- Charter banks and corporations.
- Spend money for the general welfare.