How is energy stored in the cell?
In a process called cellular respiration, chemical energy in food is converted into chemical energy that the cell can use, and stores it in molecules of ATP. When the cell needs energy to do work, ATP loses its 3rd phosphate group, releasing energy stored in the bond that the cell can use to do work.
Energy is actually stored in your liver and muscle cells and readily available as glycogen. We know this as carbohydrate energy. When carbohydrate energy is needed, glycogen is converted into glucose for use by the muscle cells. Another source of fuel for the body is protein, but is rarely a significant source of fuel.
- In short: stored ATP, glycogen and creatine phosphate. Muscle and liver cells have a high capacity for glycogen storage because they require fast access when the need for it arises. These glycogen molecules are usually polymerized and precipitate in the form of granules.
- The energy for the synthesis of ATP comes from the breakdown of foods and phosphocreatine (PC). Phosphocreatine is also known as creatine phosphate and like existing ATP; it is stored inside muscle cells. Because it is stored in muscle cells phosphocreatine is readily available to produce ATP quickly.
- The Desirable Estimated Energy Requirement (DEER, or energy reference value) is the dietary energy intake that is predicted to maintain energy balance (plus extra needs for pregnancy, lactation and growth) in healthy individuals or groups of individuals of a defined gender, age, weight, height and level of physical
The ATP molecule can store energy in the form of a high energy phosphate bond joining the terminal phosphate group to the rest of the molecule. In this form, energy can be stored at one location, then moved from one part of the cell to another, where it can be released to drive other biochemical reactions.
- Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be saved in various forms. One way to store it is in the form of chemical energy in a battery. When connected in a circuit, energy stored in the battery is released to produce electricity.
- Plant cells store starch in storage organelles like all cells do. (vacuoles). When the cells need to process the stored energy, the starch is broken down into glucose which enters the mitochondria to release the stored energy during the Kreb's cycle.
- In the matrix of mitochondria the reactions known as the citric acid or Krebs cycle produce a chemical called NADH. NADH is then used by enzymes embedded in the mitochondrial inner membrane to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In ATP the energy is stored in the form of chemical bonds.
The energy stored on a capacitor can be expressed in terms of the work done by the battery. Voltage represents energy per unit charge, so the work to move a charge element dq from the negative plate to the positive plate is equal to V dq, where V is the voltage on the capacitor.
- Energy Stored in an Inductor. This energy is actually stored in the magnetic field generated by the current flowing through the inductor.
- Because inductors store the kinetic energy of moving electrons in the form of a magnetic field, they behave quite differently than resistors (which simply dissipate energy in the form of heat) in a circuit. Energy storage in an inductor is a function of the amount of current through it.
- Electrons do not leap from one capacitor plate to the other but whilst the capacitor is charging or discharging as many electrons leave one terminal as arrive at the other, they are not the same electrons but for all practical purposes you can say that changing currents flow through a capacitor.
Updated: 3rd October 2019