6th October 2019


How is a valley formed?

A valley formed by flowing water, called fluvial valley or river valley, is usually V-shaped. The exact shape will depend on the characteristics of the stream flowing through it. Rivers with steep gradients, as in mountain ranges, produce steep walls and a bottom.

Similarly one may ask, how does a V shaped valley become a U shaped valley?

Glacial troughs. Glaciers cut distinctive U-shaped valleys with a flat floor and steep sides. Just like rivers, glaciers have tributaries. As the main glacier erodes deeper into the valley, the tributary is left higher up the steep sides of the glacier.

How was hanging valley created?

Hanging valleys are typically formed when the main valley has been widened and deepened by glacial erosion, leaving the side valley cut off abruptly from the main valley below. The steep drop from the hanging valley to the main valley floor usually creates cascading waterfalls.

Is AV shaped valley erosion or deposition?

When a river is near its source, it often develops a V-shaped valley as the river erodes down (this is called vertical erosion). At the same time, weathering breaks up material on the valley slopes. Weathered material from the valley sides gets deposited in the river.
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