How fast does Vitiligo generally spread?
Segmental vitiligo stays on one part of the body and does not spread. Nonsegmental vitiligo usually spreads. For some people, the white patches spread very slowly, maybe over a period of several years, but in others, they spread very quickly. For some people, the patches do not spread at all.
Can vitiligo go away on its own?
Treatment. There is no "cure" for vitiligo. Sometimes patches go away on their own. But when that doesn't happen, doctors can prescribe treatments that might help even out skin tone.
Where does vitiligo usually start?
Although it can start at any age, vitiligo often first appears between the ages of 20 and 30. The white patches may begin on your face above your eyes or on your neck, armpits, elbows, genitalia, hands or knees. They're often symmetrical and can spread over your entire body.
Is Vitiligo is painful?
Most people who get vitiligo lose color on their skin. The affected skin can lighten or turn completely white. A few people say that the skin affected by vitiligo itches or feels painful. Living with vitiligo can cause other symptoms, such as low self-esteem and depression that is hard to beat.
What causes vitiligo to spread?
Vitiligo may be an autoimmune disease. These diseases happen when your immune system mistakenly attacks some part of your own body. In vitiligo, the immune system may destroy the melanocytes in the skin. Others think that a single event such as sunburn or emotional distress can cause vitiligo.
Is vitiligo bad for you?
Vitiligo is a loss of skin pigment that causes white spots or patches to appear on the skin. No one knows exactly why this happens, but it affects people of all races, many of them kids and teens. Because vitiligo affects a person's appearance, it can be upsetting. But it isn't medically dangerous.
Is Vitiligo a rare disease?
First, I had to get past the fact that they called vitiligo a “rare skin condition” – it is not. In fact, it's one of the most common autoimmune diseases of the skin or any organ. The risk of developing vitiligo in the general population is about 1%, or 1 in 100 people. That is really common.
Vitiligo can affect people of any age, gender, or ethnicity. There is no cure, and it is usually a lifelong condition. The exact cause is unknown, but it may be due to an autoimmune disorder or a virus. Treatment options may include exposure to UVA or UVB light and depigmentation of the skin in severe cases.
Can you get skin cancer from vitiligo?
People with vitiligo “may have natural protection against skin cancer”, according to BBC News. The condition, which causes pale skin patches due to a loss of pigment, was previously assumed to increase the risk of serious skin cancers, such as malignant melanoma.
Can vitiligo be itchy?
People who develop vitiligo usually first notice white patches or spots (depigmentation) on their skin. The skin remains of normal texture, though some people experience itching in areas where depigmentation is occurring.
Is Vitiligo a genetic disease?
Vitiligo is a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes (the cells that make pigment) in the skin are destroyed. The exact cause of vitiligo is not known, but there are several different theories. There is strong evidence that people with vitiligo inherit a group of genes that make them susceptible to depigmentation.
What are the different types of vitiligo?
There are two types of vitiligo: segmental and non-segmental. Segmental vitiligo affects one segment, or side, of the body (a hand, a leg, or the face) and in 50% of individuals some hair (on head, eyebrows, eyelashes). Symptoms appear at an early age and progress for only a few years.
What autoimmune diseases are associated with vitiligo?
For these reasons, certain disorders have been linked to vitiligo, such as: Hashimoto thyroiditis, Graves disease, Addison disease and diabetes mellitus, alopecia areata, pernicious anemia, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, and autoimmune polyglandular syndrome.
How are you diagnosed with vitiligo?
Skin biopsy and blood draw. In addition to gathering your personal and family medical history and examining your skin, your doctor may: Take a small sample (biopsy) of the affected skin. Draw blood for lab tests to look for underlying autoimmune conditions, such as anemia or diabetes.
Is vitiligo fatal?
Though vitiligo is neither fatal nor life-threatening, there is a social stigma that results in lowered self-esteem among those with the skin condition. MYTH: Vitiligo is related to other skin diseases such as skin cancer, leprosy, and albinism.
Is Alzheimer's an autoimmune disease?
Some scientists have recently begun to consider the possibility that Alzheimer's disease is, in fact, an autoimmune disease. The Amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles associated with Alzheimer's are present to some degree even in healthy brains, and likely perform necessary functions.
Is psoriasis an auto immune disease?
Despite its very visible appearance on your skin, psoriasis is fundamentally an autoimmune condition, not a skin woe. Of the 21 autoimmune diseases studied, 17 were found to be linked to psoriasis, including alopecia areata, celiac disease, scleroderma, lupus, and Sjogren's syndrome.
Is vitiligo an autoimmune disease?
Vitiligo, like a collection of about 80 other diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes and lupus, was strongly suspected to be an autoimmune disorder in which the body's own immune system attacks itself, in this case, the skin's melanocytes, or pigment-producing cells.
Can vitiligo get worse?
Without treatment most people with vitiligo will continue to notice their condition getting worse over several years. For some people, this is a slow and gradual process affecting only small patches of the skin, but for others it is more rapid and extensive.
Updated: 28th November 2019