How does tin react with hydrochloric acid?
The chloride formed when tin reacts with hydrochloric acid is tin (II) chloride, also known as tin dichloride. Tin reacts with dilute acids slower than many other metals and heat is often required to speed up the reaction. This property means tin can be used as a protective coating on other, more reactive, metals.
The products of acid/metal reactions are a salt and hydrogen gas. Some metals are so unreactive that they do not react with dilute acids at all, e.g. copper, silver and gold.
- Concentrated hydrochloric acid dissolves many metals and forms oxidized metal chlorides and hydrogen gas. It also reacts with basic compounds such as calcium carbonate or copper(II) oxide, forming the dissolved chlorides that can be analyzed.
- Acid-Base Reactions. When an acid and a base are placed together, they react to neutralize the acid and base properties, producing a salt. The H(+) cation of the acid combines with the OH(-) anion of the base to form water. The compound formed by the cation of the base and the anion of the acid is called a salt.
- When acids react with metals, they produce a salt and hydrogen gas. Most metals react with acids, but not all. The general equation that describes the chemical reaction between an acid and metal is metal + acid = salt + hydrogen gas.
Gold is not the densest natural element, however. Gold is unaffected by air, water, alkalis and all acids except aqua regia (a mixture of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid) which can dissolve gold. Gold does react with halogens.
- Theoretically, you could eat your fill of 24-karat gold without falling ill. Pure gold is chemically inert and passes through the human digestive system without being absorbed into the body. Non-edible gold leaf, which is used for gilding, sometimes contains copper, which can be toxic in high doses.
- Oxygen is mostly unreactive with gold and platinum. When an oxide reacts with water, a metal hydroxide is produced. Oxygen is very reactive with Alkali metals. Alkali metals are given the name alkali because the oxides of these metals react with water to form a metal hydroxide that is basic or alkaline.
- Some metals are so unreactive that they do not react with dilute acids at all, e.g. copper, silver and gold.
When magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid, hydrogen gas and soluble magnesium chloride are produced according to the following equation: The H2 bubbles can be seen forming but the magnesium chloride that forms remains in solution and isn't visible. You will observe the magnesium metal being consumed.
- When magnesium reacts with hydrochloric acid, hydrogen gas and soluble magnesium chloride are produced according to the following equation: The H2 bubbles can be seen forming but the magnesium chloride that forms remains in solution and isn't visible. You will observe the magnesium metal being consumed.
- The reaction between zinc and hydrochloric acid is Zn + HCl = H2 + ZnCl2. It is a single replacement reaction where zinc metal displaces the hydrogen to form hydrogen gas and zinc chloride, a salt. Zinc reacts quickly with the acid to form bubbles of hydrogen.
- when Magnesium reacts with Sulfuric acid it gives out Magnesium Sulfate and Hydrogen. In my opinion, when magnesium ( Mg) react with sulphuric acid ( H2SO4) . They form Magnesium sulphate ( MgSO4) salt and Hydrogen (H2) gas.
Updated: 2nd October 2019