Altitude and Mountain Ranges. Air pressure and air temperature decrease with altitude. At higher altitudes, the air is less dense and air molecules are more spread out and less likely to collide. A location in the mountains has lower average temperatures than one at the base of the mountains.
Thereof, how does the altitude affect the climate of India?
2) ALTITUDE - As we go higher, temperature generally decreases (From equator to poles) as the atmosphere becomes less dense. 3) PRESSURE AND WIND SYSTEM - They depend on the latitude and altitude of a place, thus influencing the rainfall patterns. 4) DISTANCE FROM SEA - The sea has a moderating effect on the climate.
How does latitude affect climate?
Climate Changes with Latitude. Places located at high latitudes (far from the equator) receive less sunlight than places at low latitudes (close to the equator). The amount of sunlight and the amount of precipitation affects the types of plants and animals that can live in a place.
How does altitude affect a city's climate?
Effects of Altitude on Climate and Vegetation. For each 1,000 foot rise in altitude there is a 4°F drop in temperature. For example, if at sea level the average temperature is 75°F, at 10,000 feet the average temperature would be only 35°F.