How does pollution in the ocean affect the organisms?
Marine pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural, and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms. Air pollution is also a contributing factor by carrying off pesticides or dirt into the ocean.
Most ocean pollution begins on land. When large tracts of land are plowed, the exposed soil can erode during rainstorms. Much of this runoff flows to the sea, carrying with it agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. Eighty percent of pollution to the marine environment comes from the land.
- Over the last few decades, surplus human activities have severely affected the marine life on the Earth's oceans. Ocean pollution, also known as marine pollution, is the spreading of harmful substances such as oil, plastic, industrial and agricultural waste and chemical particles into the ocean.
- Air Pollution Effects. Breathing polluted air puts you at a higher risk for asthma and other respiratory diseases. When exposed to ground ozone for 6 to 7 hours, scientific evidence show that healthy people's lung function decreased and they suffered from respiratory inflammation.
- 14 billion pounds (6B Kg.) of garbage are dumped into the ocean every year. Most of it is plastic. Americans make up 5% of the world's population, and yet, produce 30% of the world's waste and use 25% of the world's resources. Human pollution has caused the average length of polar bears' penises to shrink.
Over 1 million seabirds and 100,000 sea mammals are killed by pollution every year. People who live in places with high levels of air pollutants have a 20% higher risk of death from lung cancer than people who live in less-polluted areas.
- Fact 3: 5000 people die every day as a result of drinking unclean water. Fact 4: The garbage dumped in the ocean every year is roughly around 14 billion pounds. Plastic is the major constituent. Fact 5: Pollution kills more than 1 million seabirds and 100 million mammals every year.
- Help Stop Pollution
- Use Environmentally Safe Products.
- Recycle Your Used Motor Oil and Filters.
- Compost Yard Trimmings.
- Report Illegal Dumping.
- Pick Up After Your Pets.
- Dispose of Trash Properly.
- Use Water Based Paints.
- Recycle Everything You Can.
- According to a study from Plymouth University, plastic pollution affects at least 700 marine species, while some estimates suggest that at least 100 million marine mammals are killed each year from plastic pollution.
Fact 3: Over one million seabirds are killed by ocean pollution each year. Three hundred thousand dolphins and porpoises die each year as a result of becoming entangled in discarded fishing nets, among other items. One hundred thousand sea mammals are killed in the ocean by pollution each year.
- Information About Sea Turtles: Threats from Marine Debris. The Problem: Over 100 million marine animals are killed each year due to plastic debris in the ocean. Currently, it is estimated that there are 100 million tons of plastic in oceans around the world.
- Litter is an important environmental issue. Carelessly discarded garbage affects every member of society: it causes harm to people and animals, damages our waterways, cost us money and suggests that we do not care for our environment. Fortunately, we can all do something to help prevent and reduce litter.
- Humans, animals and plants all need unpolluted water to survive. Litter can also clog storm-water drains and cause flooding. Food scraps and other organic items that are disposed of improperly can increase algal blooms in water, which reduces the amount of available oxygen for other aquatic life, such as fish.
Updated: 21st November 2019