Glucagon works to counterbalance the actions of insulin. About four to six hours after you eat, the glucose levels in your blood decrease, triggering your pancreas to produce glucagon. This hormone signals your liver and muscle cells to change the stored glycogen back into glucose.
Hereof, how does insulin help get glucose into the cells?
Normally, insulin binds to receptors on the cell surface. This activates the cell's glucose transporter molecules to form a doorway in the cell membrane so that glucose can enter the cell. However, when insulin resistance occurs, there's a reduced response to the insulin signals.
How does insulin affect blood glucose levels?
Insulin helps control blood glucose levels by signaling the liver and muscle and fat cells to take in glucose from the blood. Insulin therefore helps cells to take in glucose to be used for energy. If the body has sufficient energy, insulin signals the liver to take up glucose and store it as glycogen.
How does insulin help to move the glucose into our cells?
When insulin unlocks the cell, glucose can move from the blood into the cell to provide energy. Blood glucose is sometimes called “blood sugar.” Your blood vessels carry blood glucose throughout your body and your cells use it for energy.