But in some cases, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza). If taken soon after you notice symptoms, these drugs may shorten your illness by a day or so and help prevent serious complications. Oseltamivir is an oral medication.
While the symptoms of influenza B mirrors those of A, the main difference between the two strains is who it can affect. This allows strains of A to be spread more rapidly than B, while also meaning strains of B cannot cause pandemics with symptoms likely less severe. Flu shots protect against both strains of influenza.
People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:
- Fever* or feeling feverish/chills.
- Sore throat.
- Runny or stuffy nose.
- Muscle or body aches.
- Fatigue (tiredness)
- Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.
Oseltamivir and zanamivir are chemically related antiviral medications known as neuraminidase inhibitors that have activity against both influenza A and B viruses. Antiviral resistance to oseltamivir and zanamivir among circulating influenza viruses is currently low, but this can change.
Spanish Flu Pandemic Ends. By the summer of 1919, the flu pandemic came to an end, as those that were infected either died or developed immunity. Since 1918, there have been several other influenza pandemics, although none as deadly.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Symptoms can be mild to severe. The most common symptoms include: a high fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, and feeling tired.
As harsh as the flu can be, the good news is that most people feel much better within one to two weeks. Most healthy adults become contagious the day before symptoms develop (which makes it trickier to prevent from spreading). They remain infectious for up to five to seven days after symptoms appear.
Prescription Medicine. Your doctor can give you drugs that prevent the flu and ease your symptoms. But you have to take them within the first 48 after you start to feel sick. Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is a medication you take by mouth, zanamivir (Relenza) is inhaled, and peramivir (Rapivab) is given into a vein.
Influenza is a viral infection that attacks your respiratory system — your nose, throat and lungs. Influenza, commonly called the flu, is not the same as stomach "flu" viruses that cause diarrhea and vomiting. For most people, influenza resolves on its own. But sometimes, influenza and its complications can be deadly.
Unfortunately, there is no pill or liquid you can take to cure the flu. Flumadine and Symmetrel also can shorten the duration of the flu and lessen its severity, but those only work against influenza A. These two antiviral medications work by stopping the virus from replicating.
Although the typical incubation period for influenza is about one to four days, some adults can be contagious from about one day before onset of symptoms for up to two weeks. Other people who develop complications, such as pneumonia, may extend the contagious period for a week or two.
In some cases, these symptoms will last 5 days or longer. The respiratory symptoms of influenza virus B, such as coughing, throat irritation and congestion may last for days or weeks. However, most people are not contagious after about a week from the beginning of symptoms.
The flu is a viral infection caused by the influenza virus, a respiratory virus. The common cold is also a viral infection caused by the adenovirus or coronavirus and there are many, many subsets with a lot of variability. That's why it's said there's no cure for the common cold [and] there's no real vaccine.
To bring down a fever, place a cool, damp washcloth on your forehead or take a cool bath. You may also use over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers and fever reducers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin). Other self-care treatments include: having a bowl of hot soup to relieve nasal congestion.
Give these a try today.
- Stay home and get plenty of rest. Mind your flu manners.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Make sure you get more liquids.
- Treat aches and fever. Got fever?
- Take care of your cough.
- Breathe in steam.
- Sit in a steamy bathroom.
- Run the humidifier.
- Try a lozenge.
Antibiotics. These medicines are used to treat bacterial pneumonia. It may take time to identify the type of bacteria causing your pneumonia and to choose the best antibiotic to treat it. If your symptoms don't improve, your doctor may recommend a different antibiotic.
The CDC recommends oseltamivir (Tamiflu), peramivir (Rapivab), and zanamivir (Relenza) for flu. They are most effective when given within 48 hours after symptoms start to appear. These flu drugs can decrease the duration of the flu by one to two days if used within this early time period.
Common symptoms of type B influenza include:
- sore throat.
- runny nose and sneezing.
- muscle aches and body aches.
A bout of the flu typically lasts one to two weeks, with severe symptoms subsiding in two to three days. However, weakness, fatigue, dry cough, and a reduced ability to exercise can linger for three to seven days.
The main difference between the symptoms of a cold and sinus infection is how long they linger. Dr. Bhattacharyya says cold sufferers typically have a runny nose for two to three days, followed by a stuffy nose for two to three days. After that, most people begin to feel better.