21st October 2019
How do you cut your toenails to prevent ingrown toenails?
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- Cut straight across: "The nails shouldn't dig down on the sides," advises Mauser.
- Use appropriate toenail clippers.
- Leave nails a little long.
- Cut nails when they're dry, not wet.
- Make a few small cuts.
- Try filing.
- Don't cut cuticles.
So how fast do the average adult's nails grow? The simple answer is that fingernails grow about one-tenth of an inch (3 millimeters) a month. If you lose a fingernail, it will take four to six months to regrow completely. Toenails take a year to a year and a half to grow from cuticle to tip [source: Robb-Nicholson].
The Proper Way to Trim Your Toenails
- Wash your feet and dry them.
- Use a proper toenail cutting tool, such as nail clippers, and make sure they are clean and sanitized.
- Trim your nail straight across.
- As a best practice, cut your toenails so the edge reaches the tip of your toe.
Soak your feet in warm water for five to 10 minutes, depending on the thickness of your nails. You do not want your toenails to become so soft that they rip; nail bed injuries, hang nails and ingrown shards of nail that poke into your skin can result. Dry your feet thoroughly after soaking before cutting your nails.
Cutting Nails. Trim your nails often, but do not be overzealous. Nails grow about 1/10 of an inch (2.5 mm) every month, meaning that it takes 3-6 to grow a full nail. If you cut your nails frequently—say, once each week or two—you won't need to worry about them growing too long or too wild.
To remove finishing nails or nails that have the head broken off:
- Place a block of wood next to the nail to provide leverage for the hammer and protect the board.
- Position a pry bar or hammer around the nail.
- Clamp locking pliers on the nail to keep the hammer or pry bar from slipping.
The cuticle is a thin layer of dead tissue riding on the nail plate to form a seal between the nail plate and eponychium to prevent pathogens from infecting the matrix area.
Trimming or cutting cuticles during a manicure is purely cosmetic and doesn't benefit the nail in any way. In fact, it's actually harmful to your nails. “The small area of skin is there to protect your nails from infection. When this skin is removed, your nail is left unprotected from bacteria and fungus.
Let your hand sit in warm water for a few minutes to soften the skin. Tip: Work olive oil into your nail beds for a quick cuticle-moisture fix after a shower. Remove your hand from the water, dry it, then use a soft cloth to gently push back your cuticles. Don't cut them — cut cuticles make you prone to infection.
If you're hoping to make your nails appear longer, you can push your cuticles back gently with a wooden orange stick instead. "Cuticles don't want to be cut," Toombs says. "They're supposed to be soft, and cutting can make them hard, more likely to fracture. Cutting the cuticle doesn't make it grow faster.
So to keep the little crusties from coming back, here are some tips on how to avoid hangnails.
- Juice them up.
- Don't pick at your cuticles!
- Nick them while their short.Instead of picking at your cuticles, snip them off as soon as you see them with a good pair of nail scissors.
- Use your resources.
Swelling and redness around your fingernail may be caused by an infected hangnail. Most people experience hangnails when their skin is dry, such as in the winter or after being exposed to water for a prolonged period. A hangnail can become infected if exposed to bacteria or fungus.
There are numerous causes for why hang nails can occur. Dry skin is a major cause of hang nails. Other reasons include frequent nail biting, cutting a cuticle too closely or from previous injury to the nail. Therefore in order to prevent hang nails, depending on your situation, it is important to address the cause.
- Soak your feet in warm water. Do this for 15 to 20 minutes three to four times a day.
- Place cotton or dental floss under your toenail. After each soaking, put fresh bits of cotton or waxed dental floss under the ingrown edge.
- Apply antibiotic cream.
- Choose sensible footwear.
- Take pain relievers.
Agnail. The bottom finger has a hangnail. A hangnail is a small, torn piece of skin, more specifically eponychium or paronychium, next to a fingernail or toenail.
They're usually made up of dried skin on the side of the nails, but they can also be part of your actual nail plate that has been damaged due to picking and biting. If a hangnail is still attached to the live portion of the skin or nail bed, it can be painful when pulled."
Here are some ideas:
- Try a foot soak.
- Keep your foot dry except when soaking.
- Take an over-the-counter pain-relieving medication, like acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
- Gently pull the skin away from the nail using a small nail file or other blunt device that won't cut or hurt the toe.
What Are Common Causes and Risk Factors of an Ingrown Toenail? Tight-fitting shoes or high heels cause the toes to be compressed together and pressure the nail to grow abnormally. Improper trimming of toenails can cause the corners of the nail to dig into the skin. Nails should be trimmed straight across, not rounded.
Ingrown toenail symptoms include:
- Pain and tenderness in your toe along one or both sides of the nail.
- Redness around your toenail.
- Swelling of your toe around the nail.
- Infection of the tissue around your toenail.
Ingrown toenail treatment typically is covered by health insurance. For patients without health insurance, ingrown toenail treatment typically costs less than $50 for at-home treatment, but can reach $200-$1,000 or more if a doctor visit and a procedure to remove all or part of the toenail is required.
You can also try these remedies at home:
- Soak the toe for about 15 minutes in a bathtub or bucket filled with warm water and salt. Do this three to four times a day.
- Rub a medicated ointment on the toe and wrap it in a clean bandage.
- To treat an ingrown toenail, gently lift the corner of the nail.