How do plants in the grasslands adapt?
Plants in the grassland must face dry conditions, fires, and grazing animals. They have long, narrow leaves, extensive roots, soft stems, and can even go dormant to survive their tough environment. They have adapted how they grow and spread their pollen and seeds so that more plants can live in this wonderful habitat.
Temperate grasslands have hot summers and cold winters. Summer temperatures can be well over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, while winter temperatures can be as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit. They typically have between 10 and 35 inches of precipitation a year, much of it occurring in the late spring and early summer.
- Temperate grasslands, which average between 10 and 30 inches (25 and 75 centimeters) of rain per year, have shorter grasses, sometimes just a few millimeters. These areas have two seasons: a growing season and a dormant season. During the dormant season, no grass can grow because it is too cold.
- You see, grasses and other grassland plants have special adaptations to allow them to survive heavy grazing. Unlike many plants, grass can survive being grazed all the way to the ground. This means herbivores can play a big role in keeping grasslands free of shrubs and trees.
- Grasslands are often located between deserts and forests. Grassland soil tends to be deep and fertile. The roots of perennial grasses usually penetrate far into the soil. In North America, the prairies were once inhabited by huge herds of bison and pronghorns who fed on the prairie grasses.
Big cats such as cheetahs and lions hunt prey in temperate grasslands. In North America, wolves, coyotes and foxes hunt for mice, rabbits and deer. These predators help keep populations of grazing animals in check so the grazers do not eat all the grass and other plants in the biome.
- Animal Adaptations: The animals that live in grasslands have adapted to dry, windy conditions. There are grazing animals (that eat the grass), burrowing animals, and their predators; insects are abundant.
- Cheetahs are mostly found in sub-Saharan Africa and in eastern and southern African parks. Some of the animals can still be found in southern Algeria, northern Niger and Iran. They like dry, open grasslands where they can pick up speed to kill prey.
- Big cats such as cheetahs and lions hunt prey in temperate grasslands. In North America, wolves, coyotes and foxes hunt for mice, rabbits and deer. These predators help keep populations of grazing animals in check so the grazers do not eat all the grass and other plants in the biome.
stop. Temperate grasslands are a division of a larger biome grouping of grasslands that includes tropical savannas. Both biome types are characterized by a dominance of grasses, yet temperate grasslands differ significantly from savannas.
- Human Impacts - Temperate Grasslands (TG) The hunting of animals have been banned due to extinction. National Parks have been created in order to preserve the grassland biome. Due to burning of fossil fuels, climate change may further dwindle grassland health, causing changes in temperature and causing droughts.
- In grasslands, fires are natural and are actually an important part of the biome. Small animals can climb underground into their burrows to stay safe, but grasses and other plants common to grasslands can't run away. Instead, they are specially adapted to survive fire.
- Grasslands have many names—prairies in North America, Asian steppes, savannahs and veldts in Africa, Australian rangelands, and pampas, llanos and cerrados in South America. Grassland ecosystems are particularly fragile because water is scarce.
Updated: 25th November 2019