How can we use birth rate and death rate to find growth?
To calculate the growth rate, you simply subtract the death rate from the birth rate. In this case, the growth rate (r) of the emperor penguin population in Antarctica is 0.3 – 0.1 = 0.2 new individuals per existing individual, per year.
- Definition: CRUDE DEATH RATE is the total number of deaths to residents in a specified geographic area (country, state, county, etc.) divided by the total population for the same geographic area (for a specified time period, usually a calendar year) and multiplied by 100,000.
- Technical Notes:
- A crime rate is calculated by dividing the number of reported crimes by the total population; the result is multiplied by 100,000. For example, in 2010 there were 58,100 robberies in California and the population was 38,826,898. This equals a robbery crime rate of 149.6 per 100,000 general population.
- Maternal death or maternal mortality is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as "the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from
- Infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths per 1,000 live births of children under one year of age. The rate for a given region is the number of children dying under one year of age, divided by the number of live births during the year, multiplied by 1,000.
Births and deaths are natural causes of population change. The difference between the birth rate and the death rate of a country or place is called the natural increase. The natural increase is calculated by subtracting the death rate from the birth rate.
- Birth rate is a parameter of the entire population, while fertility rate is a parameter of a group of individuals in the population. Fertility rate determines the birth rate but, not the other way around. Fertility rate applies for females in the reproductive age, but there is no such restriction for birth rate.
- A population pyramid, also called an age pyramid or age picture diagram, is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.
- CBR is almost always reported per 1000 living people. The calculation for determining crude birth rate is (number of births) x 1000 / estimated population at mid-year.
Updated: 4th December 2019