Do you use an apostrophe for a family's last name?
Here are a few quick rules:
- Never add an apostrophe. Season Greetings from the Smiths.
- If your last name ends with “s, x, z, ch, sh”, then add an “es” at the end of your name. Season Greetings from Joneses.
- If your last name ends with any other letter, just add an s. Season Greetings from Kranes.
Never add an apostrophe. Season Greetings from the Smiths. If your last name ends with “s, x, z, ch, sh”, then add an “es” at the end of your name. Season Greetings from Joneses.
- James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." The Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team.)
- One unusual modern use of the apostrophe is in plural acronyms, like “ICBM's” “NGO's” and “CD's”. Since this pattern violates the rule that apostrophes are not used before an S indicating a plural, many people object to it. It is also perfectly legitimate to write “CDs,” etc. See also “50's.”
- Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams's (2013) work.”
Instead, you're making your last name plural to indicate that the card is from all of your family members (the Smiths). So do as the holy grammar gods intended: simply add an “s” at the end to pluralize most last names. If your last name ends in “s,” “x,” “z,” a soft “ch,” or “sh,” add an “es” to the end instead.
- In other words, you would use 'our lives' when talking in the plural ('We'), and 'my life' in the singular ('I'). The usage of life in singular form is meaningful as we all share one life—denoting shared existence.
- Unlike the singular "it" which always implies a non-person, the plural pronouns "they", "them", and "those" do not. The plural forms should be used for any plural noun, whether or not it is a person. There aren't actually plural forms of people-specific pronouns.
- essay. Word forms: plural, 3rd person singular present tense, plural essays , present participle essaying, past tense, past participle essayedpronunciation note: The noun is pronounced (ese?).
Updated: 2nd October 2019