Do you have to hit your own ball first in Pool?
The first ball that you hit must be one of your own color, or the black if you have no balls left on the table. If you fail in doing this, it's a fault (SCRATCH). The punishment is the following: Your opponent has the right to move the white ball where he wants before playing. He will have an easy shot.
If a player fails to hit the 8-ball while shooting at it, it is a foul and the game continues. When the 8-ball is the legal object ball, a scratch or foul is not a loss of game if the 8-ball is not pocketed or jumped off the table. Incoming player has cue ball in hand. 4.
- Scratch on break: It is a foul; incoming player has ball in hand behind the line. 8-ball on break: (House rule only) Player pocketing 8-ball on break, wins. If player pockets 8-ball and scratches, player does not lose, but the 8-ball is spotted and incoming player has ball behind the line.
- Arrange them in a diamond shape, with the 9-ball in the center and the 1-ball closest to the shooter. Place balls in the rest of the diamond at random. The rack goes in the usual place, with the closest point on top of the foot spot. If you can find a diamond-shaped 9-ball rack, use it.
- The 8-ball is not neutral. A player is credited with all balls he legally pockets. When a player does not pocket one of his balls but pockets an opponent's ball, he loses his turn. The opponent gets credit for the pocketed ball.
A scratch, foul, or illegal shot results in ball-in-hand, where your opponent can place the cue ball anywhere on the table in preparation for the next shot. The only exception to this is the break (see the 8-ball and 9-ball differences that follow).
- Official Rules Of Pool. 8 ball rules: OBJECT OF THE GAME Eight-Ball is a call shot game played with a cue ball and 15 object balls, numbered 1 through 15. One player must pocket balls of the group numbered 1 through 7 (solid colors), while the other player has 9 through 15 (stripes).
- Eight-Ball was invented shortly after 1900; Straight Pool followed in 1910. Nine-Ball seems to have developed around 1920. While the term "billiards" refers to all games played on a billiard table, with or without pockets, some people take billiards to mean carom games only and use pool for pocket games.
- Locate the foot spot on the pool table.
- Place the triangle rack with its apex over the foot spot.
- Place any ball other than the 8-ball inside the triangle at its apex.
- Place a solid ball at one of the far corners and a striped ball at the other far corner.
The "two shot" rule is only used in the chiefly British game of black ball, played with 7 yellow balls, 7 reds, a black ball, and a cue ball. It's played similar to American 8 ball, but this one of the rules that often gets confused between the games.
- If you scratch on the break you don't automatically lose, the other player just gets ball in hand behind the head string. Likewise, if you sink the 8 ball on the break, you don't win. You either spot the 8 ball or re-rack. Traditionally, 8 ball is a "call shot" game.
- When shooting at the 8-ball, a scratch or foul is not loss of game if the 8-ball is not pocketed or jumped from the table. Incoming player has cue ball in hand. Note: A combination shot can never be used to legally pocket the 8-ball.
- Black ball is played with 15 colored object balls and the cue ball. The object balls are two groups of seven and the black ball. The player or team pocketing their group of object balls and legally pocketing the black ball wins the game.
Updated: 25th November 2019