Do we have brown recluse spiders in Massachusetts?
The brown recluse is a Southern and Midwestern spider species, occurring from Nebraska to Ohio, and Texas to Georgia. So, if it were a brown recluse it would have had to have hitched a ride to Massachusetts. These spiders are blamed for thousands of “spider bites” annually in the United States.
Brown Recluse and Black Widow Spiders. Only the female spider is a danger to humans. Black widows may be found in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and the southern parts of Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont. However, true black widow spider sightings or bites are uncommon in New England.
- The spider species Herpyllus ecclesiasticus is commonly called the eastern parson spider, after the abdominal markings resembling an old-style cravat worn by clergy in the 18th century. It is mainly found in Central USA, with finds stretching from North Carolina to southern Alberta, Canada.
- Occasional bites happens because people and brown recluses often share the same living space. These spiders like dark corners and places inside the house, and also live under the furniture, boxes and books. Brown recluse spiders are found outdoors in the U.S. Midwest, as well as inside structures.
- Part 1 Learning to Identify Specific Features
- Look at the color. A brown recluse has a dirt or sandy brown body with a slightly darker marking at its center; they can also be dark brown and even slightly yellow.
- Examine the violin shape on the spider's body.
- Count the eyes.
- Look for fine hairs.
- Check the body width.
Deadly Spiders in NJ: The Black Widow. Most spiders have toxic venom to kill their prey, but “poisonous” spiders are limited to those whose venom typically causes a serious reaction in humans. In New Jersey, the most common poisonous spider is the black widow.
- Black widow spiders (Latrodectus mactans) are native to Pennsylvania, but rarely encountered. They are found under rocks and in dark, undisturbed areas such as woodpiles or the corners of a garage. The female is a shiny black color and has a red hourglass on the underside of her abdomen.
- These two types of spiders are rarely encountered in Pennsylvania. Although black widows can be found native in Pennsylvania, the brown recluse spiders must be introduced and cannot survive in Pennsylvania's climate unless they remain inside heated structures.
- Brown recluse spider bites often go unnoticed initially because they are usually painless bites. Occasionally, some minor burning that feels like a bee sting is noticed at the time of the bite. Symptoms usually develop 2-8 hours after a bite. Keep in mind that most bites cause little tissue destruction.
3,000 species of spiders have been described in North America. Of the spiders found in North America, only the Loxosceles and Latrodectus species are considered really dangerous and an average of 4 people die from venomous spider bites a year in the USA. 11 species of Recluse Spiders are found in North America.
- Here are six of the deadliest snakes on the planet:
- Saw-scaled viper.
- King cobra.
- Tiger snake.
- Inland taipan.
- Faint-banded sea snake.
- Black mamba.
- 3,000 species of spiders have been described in North America. Of the spiders found in North America, only the Loxosceles and Latrodectus species are considered really dangerous and an average of 4 people die from venomous spider bites a year in the USA. 11 species of Recluse Spiders are found in North America.
- The Inland taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) is considered the most venomous snake in the world with a murine LD 50 value of 0.025 mg/kg SC. Ernst and Zug et al. 1996 list a value of 0.01 mg/kg SC, which makes it the most venomous snake in the world in their study too. They have an average venom yield of 44 mg.
Updated: 21st November 2019