Do eggplants have male and female flowers?
Eggplants (Solanum melongena) do not have a male or female gender, but they are endowed with cross-pollinating male and female flowers on each plant. We tend to think of the eggplant as a vegetable, but like the tomato, it is classified as a fruit. Fruit or veggie, eggplants do not have a gender.
One of these issues is when the eggplant flowers fall off the plant without producing fruits. When an eggplant has flowers but no fruit, this is due to one of two issues. The first thing that can cause eggplant flowers to fall off is a lack of water and the other is a lack of pollination.
- The yellow flowers produced by tomato plants must be fertilized before fruit can form. Once fertilized, the flowers develop into tomatoes, signalled by small green globes that become visible at the base of the blossoms and that eventually become mature tomatoes.
- Young tomato plants that have recently been transplanted to buckets or containers require less fertilizer solution than full-grown plants. When mixed at a rate of 1 tablespoon per gallon of water, transplants need approximately 1 cup of Miracle-Gro plant food at transplanting time and every 7 to 14 days thereafter.
- The majority of Miracle-Gro's product line is filled with chemicals and synthetics. They do have some product that is organic and certified by OMRI. Scott's, the parent company of Miracle-Gro, is in bed with Monsanto and are the exclusive agent of Round-Up. It's not just about being organic.
Some vegetables are self-pollinating meaning they do not need the assistance of bees or other insects or the wind for pollination and the production of fruit. Self-pollinating vegetables include tomatoes, green peppers and chili peppers, eggplants, green beans, lima beans, sweet peas, and peanuts.
- Many edible plants such as tomatoes are self-fertilizing or self-pollinating. This means that you only need one plant in the garden for fruit to set. In the case of tomatoes, the male and female parts are contained in the same flower. This truly makes tomato plants a top contender for container gardening.
- A Self-pollinating Plant. Self-pollinating plants, like okra, produce flowers that contain both male and female parts and are fertilized by their own pollen. This means they do not require wind or insects to pollinate properly.
- Cross Pollinating Crops. Cucumbers and squash are both in the cucurbit family but cucumber (Cucumis sativus) cannot cross pollinate squash (Cucurbita pepo) because they are two different species. However, varieties of the same species can cross pollinate.
Pollination of Peppers. Some veggie plants, like tomatoes and peppers, are self-pollinating, but others such as zucchini, pumpkins, and other vine crops produce both male and female flowers on the same plant. During these stressful times, you may need to hand pollinate your pepper plants.
- Eggplant flowers like tomato flowers are self pollinating flowers by their design. They are, however, even easier to get pollinated and have fruit set in the greenhouse than are tomato flowers. To make sure the flowers get pollinated, you can tap the flower stalk with a pencil when the flower petals are fully open.
- Capsicum (Bell Peppers) Capsicums (Capsicum annuum) are generally self-pollinating, although cross-pollination is also common. The stigma (♀) is receptive before pollen is released from the anthers (♂). Pollen is released a few hours after the flower opens, but in some cases no pollen is released at all.
- Some vegetables are self-pollinating meaning they do not need the assistance of bees or other insects or the wind for pollination and the production of fruit. Self-pollinating vegetables include tomatoes, green peppers and chili peppers, eggplants, green beans, lima beans, sweet peas, and peanuts.
Updated: 18th November 2019