But for many people whose lungs have been damaged by pneumonia, their activity level might never be the same. Pneumonia is a serious infection that can damage lung tissue. Your lungs may not be able to expand fully when you breathe, or some lung tissue may be permanently damaged.
A viral pneumonia can make you feel pretty sick for a few days with fever, cough, and generalized fatigue. Viral pneumonia goes away on its own. Bacterial pneumonia, if left untreated can make someone a lot sicker. Without antibiotics bacterial pneumonia can result in a blood infection, or even an abscess in the lung.
For example, a person with bacterial pneumonia will stop being contagious within two days of taking antibiotics. For other types of pneumonia – like the one that can cause tuberculosis – the treatment may have to be administered for at least two weeks before a person is no longer contagious.
Catching pneumonia. The germs that can cause pneumonia are usually breathed in. People often have small amounts of germs in their nose and throat that can be passed on through: coughs and sneezes – these launch tiny droplets of fluid containing germs into the air, which someone else can breathe in.
You may not be able to get enough oxygen if your lungs are inflamed or damaged. Low oxygen can cause damage to other body organs, such as your kidneys, heart, and brain. You can die from bacterial pneumonia if you do not get treatment, or you do not respond to treatment and the infection worsens.
Bacterial pneumonia is usually more serious as it causes more severe symptoms. However, viral pneumonia caused by the flu virus can be life-threatening as well if it triggers a particularly severe inflammation of the lungs or is complicated by a secondary bacterial infection.
If you don't, some bacteria may stay in your body. This can cause your pneumonia to come back. If you have viral pneumonia, your doctor will likely talk to you about ways to treat your symptoms. Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are available to lower fever,relieve pain and ease your cough.
How Is Pneumonia Treated?
- Drink plenty of fluids to help loosen secretions and bring up phlegm.
- Get lots of rest.
- Do not take cough medicines without first talking to your doctor.
- Control your fever with aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen), or acetaminophen.
Here's what those symptoms look like: In bacterial pneumonia, patients usually develop a high fever with possible shaking chills. You may also have moderate or severe chest pain when you cough or draw in a deep breath. The cough produces a thick phlegm that is green, yellow or rust-colored.
When the germs that cause pneumonia reach your lungs, the lungs' air sacs (alveoli) become inflamed and fill up with fluid. This causes the symptoms of pneumonia, such as a cough, fever, chills, and trouble breathing. Because of this and the risk of the infection spreading through the body, pneumonia can cause death.
This happens due to the presence of bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. Fluid then lingers in the lungs. When a person with an already weakened immune system gets pneumonia, it is called “pneumonia in an immune-compromised host.” Having a weakened immune system makes it harder for you to fight off germs.
Pneumonia is an acute infection from which most patients will make a rapid recovery. Amazingly, even with severe pneumonia, the lung usually recovers and has no lasting damage, although occasionally there might be some scarring of the lung (rarely leading to bronchiectasis) or lung surface (the pleura).
Thoracentesis is a procedure to remove fluid or air from around the lungs. A needle is put through the chest wall into the pleural space. The pleural space is the thin gap between the pleura of the lung and of the inner chest wall.
Antibiotics. These medicines are used to treat bacterial pneumonia. It may take time to identify the type of bacteria causing your pneumonia and to choose the best antibiotic to treat it. If your symptoms don't improve, your doctor may recommend a different antibiotic.
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. People with pneumonia usually complain of coughing, mucus production, fever, shortness of breath, and/or chest pain. Inflammation is the body's attempt to destroy infection, and causes many of the other symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, including fever and chest pain.
It can be caused by many different germs, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This article discusses pneumonia that occurs in a person who has a hard time fighting off infection because of problems with the immune system. This type of disease is called "pneumonia in an immunocompromised host." Pneumonia.
Edema, in general, means swelling. Pulmonary edema occurs when the alveoli fill up with excess fluid seeped out of the blood vessels in the lung instead of air. This can cause problems with the exchange of gas (oxygen and carbon dioxide), resulting in breathing difficulty and poor oxygenation of blood.
Bacterial pneumonia can usually be cured by taking antibiotic drugs. Viral pneumonia, like the common cold, can't be cured. Although antiviral drugs may help some patients, most people with viral pneumonia get better on their own.
You may need treatment in hospital if your symptoms are severe. You'll be given antibiotics and fluids intravenously through a drip, and you may need oxygen to help breathing. In very serious cases of pneumonia, breathing assistance through a ventilator in an intensive care unit (ICU) may be required.
But with walking pneumonia, a person may not feel it until 2 to 3 weeks after becoming infected. Most types of pneumonia clear up within a week or two, although a cough can linger for several weeks more. In severe cases, it may take longer to completely recover.