Minerals make up rocks. Igneous rock , formed by the cooling of magma (molten rock) inside the Earth or on the surface. Sedimentary rocks, formed from the products of weathering by cementation or precipitation on the Earth's surface. Metamorphic rocks, formed by temperature and pressure changes inside the Earth.
So, what processes can transform igneous rock into sedimentary rock?
The three main rock types are igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary. The three processes that change one rock to another are crystallization, metamorphism, and erosion and sedimentation. Any rock can transform into any other rock by passing through one or more of these processes. This creates the rock cycle.
How are metamorphic rocks formed from sedimentary rocks?
They do not melt, but the minerals they contain are changed chemically, forming metamorphic rocks. Sometimes, metamorphic rocks are formed when rocks are close to some molten magma, and so get heated up. Remember that metamorphic rocks are not made from melting rock. (Rocks that do melt form igneous rocks instead.)
What must happen to a sediment for it to form a sedimentary rock?
Four basic processes are involved in the formation of a clastic sedimentary rock: weathering (erosion)caused mainly by friction of waves, transportation where the sediment is carried along by a current, deposition and compaction where the sediment is squashed together to form a rock of this kind.