Can high platelet count be caused by dehydration?
If something else causes your platelet count to be high, such as an infection or operation, this is known as reactive thrombocytosis. Generally they only occur with a platelet count over 1000 million per ml, and only in the presence of other risk factors such as dehydration.
A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. If you have thrombocytosis caused by a bone marrow disorder (essential thrombocythemia), your bone marrow overproduces the cells that form platelets (megakaryocytes), releasing too many platelets into your blood.
- Even though the platelet count is elevated for a short time (or even indefinitely after splenctomy), secondary thrombocytosis does not typically lead to abnormal blood clotting. Primary thrombocytosis, or essential thrombocythemia, can cause serious bleeding or clotting complications.
- Lean meats such as fish, chicken and turkey are rich in protein, zinc and Vitamin B12, all of which help increase the blood platelet count. Beans contain Vitamin B9 or folate which greatly helps boost the blood platelet count. Some other foods rich in B9 are spinach, asparagus, and oranges.
- Thrombocytosis (High Platelets) High blood platelet counts can be caused by several conditions, including anemia, cancer, inflammation and infection. Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a rare disease in which the bone marrow produces too many platelets.
Currently, hydroxyurea plus aspirin is the standard treatment for people who have primary thrombocythemia and are at high risk for blood clots. Anagrelide. This medicine also has been used to lower platelet counts in people who have thrombocythemia.
- Most cases of essential thrombocythemia are not inherited. Less commonly, essential thrombocythemia is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, which means one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder. When it is inherited, the condition is called familial essential thrombocythemia.
- Thrombocytopenia occurs in people without cancer as well. However, it is a common side effect of cancer treatment. It may occur because chemotherapy drugs can damage bone marrow, which is where platelets are made. The drugs may also speed up the destruction of platelets in the bloodstream, liver, or spleen.
- Myeloproliferative neoplasms and myelodysplastic syndromes are diseases of the blood cells and bone marrow. Sometimes both conditions are present.
Updated: 2nd October 2019