What are Bed Bugs? Bed bugs are small insects that feed on the blood of mammals and birds. Adults are oval, wingless and rusty red colour and have flat bodies, antennae and small eyes. They are visible to the naked eye, but often hide in cracks and crevices.
Rubbing alcohol is a solvent and can kill insects by dissolving their cells. Rubbing alcohol is also a desiccant, or drying agent, so it can destroy bed bug eggs by drying them out. In addition, rubbing alcohol repels the bugs, discouraging them from crawling or laying eggs on a surface treated with the substance.
How fast are bed bugs able to move? These irritating pests can crawl three to four feet per minute on most surfaces. That may not seem fast, but when scaled to human terms, the speed would equal that of an average adult sprinting.
Keep the Infestation from Spreading
- Anything removed from the room should be placed in a sealed plastic bag and treated.
- Empty the vacuum after each use.
- Don't discard furniture if you can eliminate the bed bugs from it.
- If furniture cannot be salvaged, discard it responsibly.
Bed Bug Infestation. Bed bugs are flat and small in size, allowing them to hide easily from view during the day when they are not active. They hide in mattresses, bed frames, bedding, furniture, carpets, baseboards and bedroom clutter. They are most commonly found in the seams of mattresses or inside box springs.
Bed bugs have small, flat, oval-shaped bodies. They are wingless. Adults do have the vestiges of wings called wing pads, but they do not fully develop into functional wings. Adults are brown in color, although their bodies redden after feeding.
How can bed bugs get into my home?
- They can come from other infested areas or from used furniture. They can hitch a ride in luggage, purses, backpacks, or other items placed on soft or upholstered surfaces.
- They can travel between rooms in multi-unit buildings, such as apartment complexes and hotels.
Bed bugs do not live under the skin. If you experience biting sensations during the day, it may be an allergy-related condition. Bedbugs are often erroneously associated with filth. They are attracted by exhaled carbon dioxide, not by dirt, and they feed on blood, not waste.
To treat bedbug bites:
- Wash the bites with soap and water. This will help prevent a skin infection and help reduce itchiness.
- If the bites itch, apply a corticosteroid cream to the bites. You can get a weak form of this medicine without a prescription at your local drugstore.
A Look at Bed Bug Look-Alikes
- Spider Beetle. Spider beetles are the shape and size of fleas, oval and dark brown.
- Cockroach Nymphs. Cockroach nymphs hide in cracks and crevices preferring to stay close to food, warmth and moisture.
- Booklice. Booklice are commonly mistaken for bed bug nymphs.
- Carpet Beetles.
- Bat Bugs.
Pyrethrins are botanical insecticides derived from chrysanthemum flowers. Pyrethroids are synthetic chemical insecticides that act like pyrethrins. Both compounds are lethal to bed bugs and can flush bed bugs out of their hiding places and kill them.
From the Beginning. It is thought that C. lecturlarius may have actually originated in the Middle East, in caves that were inhabited by humans as well as bats. The lineages of the bed bug can be traced by their name as well.
It's unlikely that a bed bug would travel on you or the clothes you are wearing. You move too much to be a good hiding place. Bed bugs are more likely to be spread via luggage, backpacks, briefcases, mattresses, and used furniture.
Not everyone is aware that bed bugs can be spread via humans: if a person goes to a hotel room that has bed bugs, and the bed bugs hide out on the person or on the person's luggage, the bed bugs can be spread to a new location. Because of this, no house is safe from a bed bug infestation.
House dust mites are tiny arachnids (kin to spiders and scabies), commonly found in carpets, mattresses and upholstered furniture. At about 0.25-.3 mm in length, dust mites are not really visible to the naked eye. You read that correctly, dust mite poo.
Part 2 Using Natural Remedies
- Use fresh or dried eucalyptus, lavender, mint, and rosemary around your house.
- Try some essential oils.
- Sprinkle some pesticide grade diatomaceous earth around your room, and in doorways/windows sills.
- Try dryer sheets on your mattress.
- Get some non-permeable mattress and pillow covers.
You can simply crush them with a rag (although this may stain surfaces) or remove them with a vacuum. Regularly inspecting and vacuuming your mattress and box spring is a very effective way to reduce large numbers of bed bugs quickly. However, it is important to note that bed bugs can readily infest vacuums.
Use the flashlight to look for excrement and bloodstains on the top surface of the mattress. Look for shed bedbug skins and eggs. Use a credit card. Use the credit card to run along the mattress seam, holding it open to look with your flashlight.
Bed Bug Color. Unfed adults bed bugs are mahogany to rusty brown color. Engorged bed bugs are red-brown color after a blood meal. Nymphs (baby bed bugs) are nearly colorless when they first hatch and become brownish as they mature.
Nymphs or juvenile bed bugs range from the size of a bed bug egg (0.09 inches, 2.5mm) to the size of full adult bed bugs at ( 0.18 inches, 4.5mm). For reference, 0.1 inches is slightly over the thickness of a quarter. Adult bed bugs are approximately the size of an apple seed.